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Future DBS Systems


Dr. Suneil Kalia


Our illustrations depicting non-invasive to minimal invasive DBS systems in advancements such as; ultrasonically powered systems, magnetically activated nanoparticles, temporally interfering electric fields and near-infrared stimulation.

Published in: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Article title: Implantable Pulse Generators for Deep Brain Stimulation: Challenges, Complications, and Strategies for Practicality and Longevity

DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2021.708481

Institution: Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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